Susana Carvalho

Primate Archaeology & Models for Behavioural Evolution [PAMBE]

Panel 1


I am an Associate Professor at the University of Oxford and a Fellow in Human Sciences at St. Hugh’s College. Before this, I was a Post-doctoral scientist at the Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology, The George Washington University, and a Junior Research Fellow at Clare Hall College in Cambridge, while completing my Ph.D. in the Dept. of Archaeology and Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. I received a B.A. in Archaeology from Oporto University, and then a M.Sc. in Human Evolution from Coimbra University, both in Portugal. My Ph.D. fieldwork was at the interface between archaeology and primatology, supported by leading international funding sources such as the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.

I am a Primatologist and Archaeologist interested in the evolution of human behaviour, with a particular emphasis on technology-related behaviours. My main focus of research has been on wild chimpanzee tool use and in the archaeology of the Pliocene. I am one of the founders of the field of primate archaeology. I have projects in East Africa (Kenya) and West Africa (Guinea). In 2015, I started a fantastic endeavor as Director of Paleontology and Primatology in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique. Combining data from observing the behaviour of our closest living evolutionary relatives in Guinea with data from some of the earliest archaeological assemblages in Kenya is a fruitful avenue of research that is helping us build a better understanding of how particular technological behaviours may have evolved. Moreover, with the recent start of the Gorongosa research in Mozambique, we have the opportunity to explore one of the poorly known parts of the East African Rift Valley, where we seek to reconstruct the evolutionary history of this overlooked area. We will be using this very special modern mosaic habitat to model past environments where hominins may have evolved.

Panel 2

Past and Current Students

I welcome enquiries from prospective graduate students and postdoctoral researchers.


2016: Ms. Katarina Warren (DPhil in Anthropology, Oxford)

2016: Mr. Dan Schofield (DPhil in Anthropology, Oxford)

2015: Ms. Lucy Tibble (M.Sc. in Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, Oxford)

2015: Mr. Ryan Leahy (M.Sc. in Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, Oxford)